Evictions North Carolina
North Carolina Evictions

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Evictions in North Carolina

As in all states, North Carolina does not permit landlords to use "self-help" eviction. That is, a landlord cannot change the locks or otherwise impede the tenant's ability to enter the premises (except in order to maintain or repair the premises), even if the tenant fails to pay the rent

In order to evict the tenant
, the landlord must obtain a court order through a process called "summary ejectment". (N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 42-26 to 36.2)

The landlord cannot evict a tenant in retaliation for certain protected actions. These protected actions include: 
(1) Complaints made to the landlord, his employee, or his agent about conditions or defects in the premises that the landlord is obligated to repair; (2) complaints to a government agency about a landlord's alleged violation of any health or safety laws;
(3) attempts to exercise rights described in the lease in state or federal law; and 
(4) attempts to become involved with any tenants' rights groups. If the tenant has undertaken any of these actions in good faith and in the six months before the eviction proceeding, the tenant should bring this to the court's attention. (N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 42-36.1 to 36.3)

If a landlord wants to evict a tenant who will not leave voluntarily, then he must file a Magistrate’s Summons and Complaint in Summary Ejectment in Small Claims (Magistrate’s) Court.  The tenant must be served with the Summons and Complaint by the Sheriff’s Office, either personally or by posting.  The Summons will state the date, time, and place for the court hearing.   Small Claims Court hearings are informal, but both parties may have an attorney, present evidence, and subpoena witnesses.

The tenant may have defenses to the eviction action depending upon which basis for eviction the landlord sets out in the Complaint.  The tenant may also file written counterclaims against the landlord.  Examples of such counterclaims include:  1) a rent abatement for the landlord’s failure to make repairs for which he was responsible, after having been properly notified by the tenant; and 2) money damages if the landlord attempted to evict the tenant illegally and damaged him in some way.

Either party has ten days in which to appeal the magistrate’s decision to District Court for a new trial.  During this ten-day appeal period, the landlord cannot make the tenant move.   If the tenant properly appeals the judgment to District Court and pays the rent when due to the Clerk of Superior Court, then he can retain possession of the premises.  The tenant may also be required to pay any undisputed past-due rent to the Clerk of Court, unless he files the appeal as an indigent.

If the eviction is based upon nonpayment of rent and the judgment is entered more than five working days before the day when the next rent payment is due under the lease, then the tenant must also pay the pro-rated rent for that time period to stay execution of the magistrate’s judgment for possession pending trial.

If the tenant does not appeal the magistrate’s judgment within ten days or loses on appeal, then the landlord may evict the tenant by obtaining a Writ of Possession of Real Property issued by the Clerk of Court.  The writ directs the Sheriff to physically remove the tenant and his personal property from the premises.  The Sheriff, not the landlord, is the only one who can remove the tenant and/or his personal property from the rental premises.  The landlord cannot force the tenant to move at any stage of the eviction process.

Disclaimer: Eviction Laws in your state may change and there may be times when information on this web site may not be current. This information is provided for general informational purposes only and is not intended as legal advice. This website is not a substitute for advice from an attorney. ADDITIONAL LAWS MAY APPLY IN YOUR JURISDICTION. FIND EVICTION LAWYERS IN YOUR STATE

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